Who is Ibn Khaldun?
Ibn-e-Khaldun was born on May 27, 1332, in Tunis, the capital of what’s today is Tunisia. Ibn-e-Khaldun grew up and got an education in a scholars family and politicians. Ibn-e-Khaldun was a brilliant thinker since he was in his childhood. Although his first calligraphy job in Tunisia was boring, he became an excellent intellectual giant. Ibn e Khaldun’s teacher Al-Abili (from the Algerian city of Tlemcen) introduced him to mathematics.
During studying with the experienced and great people in North Africa, Khaldun acquired experience in the fields such as philosophy, economics, and social sciences.
Ibn Khaldun books
Al Muqaddimah an introduction to history
In the year 1377 and at the 45 age Ibn-e-Khaldun wrote his original book “Al Muqaddimah”. The most important purpose of Ibn-e-Khaldun’s book is world history. Various thinkers about the Muqaddimah as the first academic work involving social sciences, demography, and cultural history.
The World mostly has been ignored the contribution of Muslim scholars and thinkers in the field of science and Ibn-e Khaldun’s gifts to science have also been miscalculated. Many famous Western thinkers were inspired by books like “Muqaddimah”, imitated Khaldun’s ideas, and put them forward as their own ideas in the centuries that followed.
TRT World interviewed Professor Senturk
But Carlton’s name never appeared in Western textbooks. To know Ibn e Khaldun’s influence on shaping the educational discourse of modern philosophy, economics, and sociology, TRT World interviewed several renowned scholars. Professor Senturk, who is the founder of the International Ibn e Khaldun Association, shared that TRT World Ibn e Khaldun’s legacy as a social scientist delivers a usable difference to hegemonic Eurocentrism & positivist social sciences.
Senturk explained that calling him a precursor is not a compliment because it shows that it “has been surpassed by future generations, and its value today is only of historical significance as a museum item.”
“Secondly, thinking that Khaldun was a pioneer of people like Marx or Durkheim means that people do not fully understand their theories and methods, especially their worldview, epistemology, and methodology,” Senturk said.
The goodness of Ibn-e-Khaldun exists in his wide-ranging systematical thinking, he said, since he totally rejected the approach of his ancestors that made him the 1st social scientist in the hardest meaning of that term.
He died in Egypt on March 17, 1406. He was buried in the Sufi Cemetery outside Bab An-Nasr, Cairo, at the age of 74.
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